Distemper Virus spreads from dog to dog by respiratory secretions. The virus is usually fatal, especially in puppies. It’s the leading cause of death among unvaccinated puppies 3-8 months of age. The first vaccination should begin at 6-8 weeks of age.
Adenovirus causes liver and kidney damage and severe respiratory infections. Adenovirus vaccination is usually included with the distemper virus vaccination. Annual booster shots are recommended.
Parvovirus is a viral disease that affects puppies more often than adult dogs. The virus causes diarrhea and, in severe cases, can infect the heart, causing death. This vaccine should be given early (6-8 weeks old). Annual booster shots are recommended.
Rabies attacks the brain and is usually passed through a bite and can affect animals and people. Once the signs of rabies are visible, it is almost always fatal. Vaccinate at 6 months of age (check for your state’s requirements), repeat in one year, and in most cases revaccinate every three years. In most areas in the U.S., rabies shots are required for public safety.
Bordetellosis is caused by the bacterium Bordetella bronchiseptica and can lead to a severe, chronic cough known as kennel cough. It is usually passed along from dog to dog in kennels, grooming facilities and at dog shows.
Lyme disease is transmitted to dogs by ticks. It may cause flu-like symptoms and arthritis. At-risk dogs should be vaccinated beginning at 9-12 weeks of age, repeated 3 weeks later, and then annually.
Leptospirosis develops from a type of bacteria, Leptospira, which infects the kidneys and liver, causing severe damage. This disease can be spread to humans. This vaccination is usually included with the distemper combination.
Consult Yankee Hill Veterinary Hospital with questions about other additional vaccinations.